Peak Performance Resources for Leaders by Leaders



1. Material wealth in the form of money or property. 2. Wealth in the form of cash or property that can be used to earn income. 3. The net worth of a business, which is the amount by which its assets are greater than its liabilities. 4. What you own free and clear. 5. Money that can be used to produce further wealth. 6. Advantage derived from or useful in a particular situation. 7. Any resource or resources that can be used to generate economic wealth. 8. The capitalist class considered as a group. 9. The assets of a business that remain after its debts and other liabilities are paid or deducted.

Capital Gain

1. The amount by which proceeds from the sale of a capital asset exceed the cost basis. 2. In real estate and investments, the difference between the purchase price and the sale price when the sale price is more. When an investor buys an asset and sells it for a higher price, they incur a capital gain. In the United States, Capital Gains are taxed at a lower rate than other income if the asset is held for longer than one year. An investor may use capital losses to offset gains to minimize their taxes.


An economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods, characterized by a free competitive market and motivation by profit.


1. To take advantage of. 2. To use as or convert into capital. 3. To supply with capital or investment funds. 4. To authorize the issue of a certain amount of stock. 5. To convert debt into equity. 6. To calculate the current value of future cash flows. 7. To include expenditures in business accounts as assets instead of expenses.


1. Coins and currency on hand and in bank account balances. Because cash is a nonearning asset, individuals and companies usually keep their cash balances to the minimum level required to sustain operations. 2. The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately. Usually includes bank accounts and marketable securities, such as government bonds etc. Cash equivalents on balance sheets include securities that mature within 90 days.

Cash Cow

1. A metaphor for a dairy cow that has calves annually, produces milk daily for life while requiring little maintenance. After the initial capital outlay has been paid off, the cow continues to produce milk and birth more cows that produce milk and more cows for many years. This is an example of an initial investment that grows geometrically over time. The Cash Cow Formula: 1 Cow + 1 Bull + 1 paddock + food + water = an exponential supply of cows and milk. Limited only by the supply of resources (paddock, food, and water.) 2. Products or services that have become market leaders, provide positive cash flow and a return on assets that exceeds the market growth rate. These products produce profits long after the initial investment has been repaid and help to fund company growth, leverage expansion and increase creditworthiness.

Cash Flow

1. Cash that comes into or goes out of a person’s or company’s bank account. Cash flow can come from any number of sources and is crucial for continued financial health. Negative cash flow means more money is going out than in. Positive cash flow is when more money comes in than out. 2. The amount of net cash generated by an investment or a business during a specific period.


1. Something that produces an affect, result or consequence. 2. The person, event, or condition responsible for an action or result; the origin.

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